Knowledge Discovery Group

Event-Model-F - Modeling Events and Event Relationships

The lack of a formal model of events hinders interoperability in distributed event-based systems. In order to alleviate this situation, we have developed a formal model of events, called Event-Model-F. The model is based on the foundational ontology DOLCE+DnS Ultralight (DUL) and provides comprehensive support to represent time and space, objects and persons, as well as mereological, causal, and correlative relationships between events. In addition, the Event-Model-F provides a flexible means for event composition, modeling event causality and event correlation, and representing different interpretations of the same event. The Event-Model-F is developed following the pattern-oriented approach of DUL, is modularized in different ontologies, and can be easily extended by domain specific ontologies.

Ontology: The Event-Model-F is available in the Web Ontology Language (OWL). Below you find links to the different versions of the ontology patterns:

  • 2010/12/05 (each ontology pattern is provided as separate .owl file)
  • 2009/4/15 (one single .owl file for all patterns)
  • 2008/12/15 (one single .owl file for all patterns)


  • A. Scherp and V. Mezaris: Survey on modeling and indexing events in multimedia, Multimedia Tools and Applications, 2013. [Online first]
  • A. Scherp, C. Saathoff, T. Franz, and S. Staab: A Core Ontology on Events for the Semantic Representation of Human Experiences in the Real World, Multimedia Tools and Applications, Springer, 58(2):293-331, 2012. [PDF] [Publisher]
  • A. Scherp, T. Franz, C. Saathoff, and S. Staab, F-A Model of Events based on the Foundational Ontology DOLCE+DnS Ultralight, Int. Conference on Knowledge Capturing (K-CAP), Redondo Beach, CA, USA, September, 2009. [PDF] [Publisher]
  • A. Scherp, C. Saathoff, T. Franz, and S. Staab: Designing Core Ontologies, Applied Ontology, IOS Press, 3(6):177-221, 2011. [PDF] [Publisher]

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